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Adding a legend to a matplotlib boxplot with multi

2020-08-26 03:27发布

问题:

I have a boxplot generated with matplotlib:

However, I have no idea how to generate the legend. Whenever I try the following I get an error saying Legend does not support {boxes: ... I've done a fair bit of searching and there doesn't seem to be an example showing how to achieve this. Any help would be appreciated!

bp1 = ax.boxplot(data1, positions=[1,4], notch=True, widths=0.35, patch_artist=True)
bp2 = ax.boxplot(data2, positions=[2,5], notch=True, widths=0.35, patch_artist=True)

ax.legend([bp1, bp2], ['A', 'B'], loc='upper right')

回答1:

The boxplot returns a dictionary of artists

result : dict
A dictionary mapping each component of the boxplot to a list of the matplotlib.lines.Line2D instances created. That dictionary has the following keys (assuming vertical boxplots):

  • boxes: the main body of the boxplot showing the quartiles and the median’s confidence intervals if enabled.
  • [...]

Using the boxes, you can get the legend artists as

ax.legend([bp1["boxes"][0], bp2["boxes"][0]], ['A', 'B'], loc='upper right')

Complete example:

import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np; np.random.seed(1)

data1=np.random.randn(40,2)
data2=np.random.randn(30,2)

fig, ax = plt.subplots()
bp1 = ax.boxplot(data1, positions=[1,4], notch=True, widths=0.35, 
                 patch_artist=True, boxprops=dict(facecolor="C0"))
bp2 = ax.boxplot(data2, positions=[2,5], notch=True, widths=0.35, 
                 patch_artist=True, boxprops=dict(facecolor="C2"))

ax.legend([bp1["boxes"][0], bp2["boxes"][0]], ['A', 'B'], loc='upper right')

ax.set_xlim(0,6)
plt.show()