How can I stop .gitignore from appearing in the li

2020-01-23 04:31发布


I just did a git init on the root of my new project.

Then I created a .gitignore file.

Now, when I type git status, .gitignore file appears in the list of untracked files. Why is that?


The .gitignore file should be in your repository, so it should indeed be added and committed in, as git status suggests. It has to be a part of the repository tree, so that changes to it can be merged and so on.

So, add it to your repository, it should not be gitignored.

If you really want you can add .gitignore to the .gitignore file if you don't want it to be committed. However, in that case it's probably better to add the ignores to .git/info/exclude, a special checkout-local file that works just like .gitignore but does not show up in "git status" since it's in the .git folder.

See also


If you want to store the list of ignored files outside of your Git tree, you can use the .git/info/exclude file. It is applied only to your checkout of the repo.


You could actually put a line ".gitignore" into your ".gitignore" file. This would cause the ".gitignore" file to be ignored by git. I do not actually think this is a good idea. I think the ignore file should be version controlled and tracked. I'm just putting this out there for completeness.


You can also have a global user git .gitignore file that will apply automatically to all your repos. This is useful for IDE and editor files (e.g. swp and *~ files for Vim). Change directory locations to suite your OS

  1. Add to your ~/.gitconfig file

    excludesfile = /home/username/.gitignore
  2. Create a ~/.gitignore file with file patterns to be ignored

  3. Save your dot files in another repo so you have a backup (optional).

Any time you copy, init or clone a repo your global gitignore file will be used as well.


If someone has already added a .gitignore to your repo, but you want to make some changes to it and have those changes ignored do the following:

git update-index --assume-unchanged .gitignore



After you add the .gitignore file and commit it, it will no longer show up in the "untracked files" list.

git add .gitignore
git commit -m "add .gitignore file"
git status


Just incase someone else has the same pain we had. We wanted to exclude a file that had already been committed.

This post was way more useful: working with .git/info/exclude too late

Specifically what you need to ignore a file is actually use the command git remove See git rm (

you test it by going

git rm --dry-run *.log
(if you say wanted to exclude all the log files)

this will output what would be excluded if you ran it.


you run it by going

git rm *.log
(or whatever filename path / expression you want to)

Then add a *.log line to your .gitignore file.


Of course the .gitignore file is showing up on the status, because it's untracked, and git sees it as a tasty new file to eat!

Since .gitignore is an untracked file however, it is a candidate to be ignored by git when you put it in .gitignore!

So, the answer is simple: just add the line:

.gitignore # Ignore the hand that feeds!

to your .gitignore file!

And, contrary to August's response, I should say that it's not that the .gitignore file should be in your repository. It just happens that it can be, which is often convenient. And it's probably true that this is the reason .gitignore was created as an alternative to .git/info/exclude, which doesn't have the option to be tracked by the repository. At any rate, how you use your .gitignore file is totally up to you.

For reference, check out the gitignore(5) manpage on


The idea is to put files that are specific to your project into the .gitignore file and (as already mentioned) add it to the repository. For example .pyc and .o files, logs that the testsuite creates, some fixtures etc.

For files that your own setup creates but which will not necessarily appear for every user (like .swp files if you use vim, hidden ecplise directories and the like), you should use .git/info/exclude (as already mentioned).


First of all, as many others already said, your .gitignore should be tracked by Git (and should therefore not be ignored). Let me explain why.

(TL;DR: commit the .gitignore file, and use a global .gitignore to ignore files that are created by your IDE or operating system)

Git is, as you probably already know, a distributed version control system. This means that it allows you to switch back and forth between different versions (even if development has diverged into different branches) and it also allows multiple developers to work on the same project.

Although tracking your .gitignore also has benefits when you switch between snapshots, the most important reason for committing it is that you'll want to share the file with other developers who are working on the same project. By committing the file into Git, other contributers will automatically get the .gitignore file when they clone the repository, so they won't have to worry about accidentally committing a file that shouldn't be committed (such as log files, cache directories, database credentials, etc.). And if at some point the project's .gitignore is updated, they can simply pull in those changes instead of having to edit the file manually.

Of course, there will be some files and folders that you'll want to ignore, but that are specific for you, and don't apply to other developers. However, those should not be in the project's .gitignore. There are two other places where you can ignore files and folders:

  • Files and folders that are created by your operating system or IDE should be placed in a global .gitignore. The benefit is that this .gitignore is applied to all repositories on your computer, so you don't have to repeat this for every repository. And it's not shared with other developers, since they might be using a different operating system and/or IDE.
  • Files that don't belong in the project's .gitignore, nor in the global .gitignore, can be ignored using explicit repository excludes in your_project_directory/.git/info/exclude. This file will not be shared with other developers, and is specific for that single repository


Watch out for the following "problem" Sometimes you want to add directories but no files within those directories. The simple solution is to create a .gitignore with the following content:


This seams to work fine until you realize that the directory was not added (as expected to your repository. The reason for that is that the .gitignore will also be ignored, and thereby the directory is empty. Thus, you should do something like this:



This seems to only work for your current directory to get Git to ignore all files from the repository.

update this file


with your wild card or filename



In my case, I want to exclude an existing file. Only modifying .gitignore not work. I followed these steps:

git rm --cached dirToFile/file.php
vim .gitignore
git commit -a

In this way, I cleaned from cache the file that I wanted to exclude and after I added it to .gitignore.


If you've already checked in .gitignore and you want to ignore modifications to it, check out this answer:

Try using this command:

git update-index --assume-unchanged FILENAME_TO_IGNORE

To reverse it (if you ever want to commit changes to it), use:

git update-index --no-assume-unchanged


Here's how to list 'assume unchanged' files under current directory:

git ls-files -v | grep -E "^[a-z]"

As the -v option will use lowercase letters for 'assume unchanged' files.


Navigate to the base directory of your git repo and execute the following command:

echo '\\.*' >> .gitignore

All dot files will be ignored, including that pesky .DS_Store if you're on a mac.


It is quite possible that an end user wants to have Git ignore the ".gitignore" file simply because the IDE specific folders created by Eclipse are probably not the same as NetBeans or another IDE. So to keep the source code IDE antagonistic it makes life easy to have a custom git ignore that isn't shared with the entire team as individual developers might be using different IDE's.


.gitignore is about ignoring other files. git is about files so this is about ignoring files. However as git works off files this file needs to be there as the mechanism to list the other file names.

If it were called .the_list_of_ignored_files it might be a little more obvious.

An analogy is a list of to-do items that you do NOT want to do. Unless you list them somewhere is some sort of 'to-do' list you won't know about them.


I think that there are situations where ignoring the .gitignore is very useful. For instance, when you have multiple teams or a large team working on the same codebase. In that case, you need to have certain conventions, one of those convention is regarding what is ignored at the git repo. It is usually about ignoring files and directories created by IDE or OS, some generated logs, etc.

However, there is a force which is tending to introduce non-conventional changes to .gitignore file. The .gitignore file can be further changed by irresponsible person, by mistake, by a tool that is used, or in some other case.

To have a counter force to this, we can do as followed:

  1. The initial .gitignore should reflect convention in team(s),
  2. After it is pushed, the .gitignore should be secured by adding .gitignore entry and push that change again.The .gitignore file is "sealed" in this way.

The "sealed" .gitignore file can be changed, just locally, without propagating that changers to other members of team(s). However, if a change is widely agreed throughout the whole team(s) than it is possible to "unseal" it, change it and than "seal" it again. That can't be done by mistake, only intentionally.

Sadly, you cannot be 100% protected from the stupidity, but this way you have done everything you can to prevent stupid things to happen.

If you have relatively small team with very good professionals, than this wouldn't be important, but even those guys would appreciate to have one thing less to worry about.

Using .git/info/exclude is cool when you cannot do anything about infrastructure settings, just covering your own a** not to make a mistake.

From a standing point of what is right and what is wrong I am voting for having .gitignore entry inside .gitignore file, giving everybody the freedom to do locally whatever they want, but not invading others.


I found that the best place to set up an ignore to the pesky .DS_Store files is in the .git/info/exclude file.

IntelliJ seems to do this automatically when you set up a git repository in it.