How to use PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1()

2019-01-17 05:07发布


I am trying to use PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1() and below is my sample program. I wanted to make sure if my result of PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1() is correct so I verified the same with the website http://anandam.name/pbkdf2/ and I see a different result. Am I using the API correctly?

I am having doubts if I am passing salt value correctly.

I have pasted my result and website result after the program.

Please help me understand this.

#include <stdio.h>     
#include <types.h> 
#include <string.h> 
#include <stdio.h> 
#include <stdlib.h> 

#include <malloc.h> 

#include <openssl/hmac.h> 
#include <openssl/evp.h> 
#include <openssl/engine.h> 
#include <openssl/aes.h>
#include <openssl/rand.h> 

#include <proto.h> 
#define KEY_LEN    32// 32 bytes - 256 bits 
#define KEK_KEY_LEN   5 
#define ITERATION   1000 

unsigned char salt_value[KEY_LEN]; 
unsigned char AESkey[KEY_LEN]; 
unsigned char XTSkey[KEY_LEN]; 
u8 fuse_key[KEY_LEN]; 

void main() 
    s32 i=0; 
    s32 len =0; 
    u8 *out; 
    u8 *rspHMAC; 
    const s8 pwd[] = "test"; 
    s8 rspPKCS5[KEK_KEY_LEN * 2]; 
    s32 ret; 

    rspHMAC = (unsigned char *) malloc(sizeof(char) * KEY_LEN); 
    out = (unsigned char *) malloc(sizeof(char) * KEK_KEY_LEN); 

    RAND_bytes(salt_value, KEY_LEN); 

    printf("\n salt_value[0] = %x; salt_value[31]= %x", salt_value[0], salt_value[31]); 
    printf("\n strlen(salt_value) = %d; sizeof(salt_value) = %d\n", strlen(salt_value), sizeof(salt_value));  

    for(i = 0; i < KEY_LEN; i++) { 
        printf("%02x", salt_value[i]); 

    ret = PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1(pwd, strlen(pwd), salt_value, strlen(salt_value), ITERATION, KEK_KEY_LEN, out); 
    printf("\n PKCS#5 :"); 

    for(len = 0; len < KEK_KEY_LEN; len++){ 
        printf("%02x", out[len]);

        sprintf(&rspPKCS5[len * 2], "%02x", out[len]); 


Sample Output:

salt_value[0] = e2; salt_value[31]= 12 
strlen(salt_value) = 32; sizeof(salt_value) = 32 
PKCS#5 :7d7ec9f411 

Website result:

The derived 40-bit key is: a5caf6a0d3 


First, let's look at an official test vector for PBKDF2 HMAC-SHA1:

   P = "password" (8 octets)
   S = "salt" (4 octets)
   c = 1
   dkLen = 20

   DK = 0c 60 c8 0f 96 1f 0e 71
        f3 a9 b5 24 af 60 12 06
        2f e0 37 a6             (20 octets)

So now we know what we're shooting for both on the web and in your program. So using that info, we find out that the web site wants your salt as an ASCII string, which it will then convert to bytes. This is important because you'll never be able to match the web page's output if you use RAND_bytes to generate a salt.


And you are using the salt incorrectly. In your commented line, you're generating a string with ASCII characters. If you want to use that salt, you'd have to declare it as an array of bytes. Plus, you're missing a digit.

unsigned char salt_value[]= { 0x5d, 0x85, 0x94, 0x7b, … /* and so on */ };

And in the uncommented code, you're generating an array of bytes but treating it as a string. You don't call strlen on an array of bytes because arrays of bytes can contain 0, which strlen will interpret as a null terminator. So you either track the size manually (e.g., your KEK_KEY_LEN define for the array you malloc) or you use sizeof when appropriate.

PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1(pwd, strlen(pwd), salt_value, sizeof(salt_value), ITERATION, KEK_KEY_LEN, out);

So now that we know all these things, we can put together a full program that matches the output of both the web site and the official test vector.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>

#include <openssl/evp.h>

#define KEY_LEN      32
#define KEK_KEY_LEN  20
#define ITERATION     1 

int main()
    size_t i;
    unsigned char *out;
    const char pwd[] = "password";
    unsigned char salt_value[] = {'s','a','l','t'};

    out = (unsigned char *) malloc(sizeof(unsigned char) * KEK_KEY_LEN);

    printf("pass: %s\n", pwd);
    printf("ITERATION: %u\n", ITERATION);
    printf("salt: "); for(i=0;i<sizeof(salt_value);i++) { printf("%02x", salt_value[i]); } printf("\n");

    if( PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1(pwd, strlen(pwd), salt_value, sizeof(salt_value), ITERATION, KEK_KEY_LEN, out) != 0 )
        printf("out: "); for(i=0;i<KEK_KEY_LEN;i++) { printf("%02x", out[i]); } printf("\n");
        fprintf(stderr, "PKCS5_PBKDF2_HMAC_SHA1 failed\n");


    return 0;

(and note that main needs to return an int and you should free your allocated memory)

gcc pkcs5.c -o pkcs5 -g -lcrypto -Wall
pass: password
salt: 73616c74
out: 0c60c80f961f0e71f3a9b524af6012062fe037a6